Riyadh, Dec. 30 (SUNA)- President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, has affirmed Sudan support to Saudi Arabia in securing its borders and defending the integrity of its territories. In a statement to SUNA, the State Minister for Foreign Affairs, Ali Ahmed Karti, said that President Al-Bashir, has asserted at his meeting Wednesday evening in Riyadh with the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdalla bin Abdul-Aziz, the firm support of Sudan to Saudi Arabia in defending its security and the integrity of its lands. He said that the current visit of the President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, to Saudi Arabia provided opportunity to inform about the situation in Sudan and to get assured about the strong support of Saudi Arabia to Sudan and its stability. Meanwhile, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdalla bin Abdul-Aziz, reiterated the stand of Saudi Arabia alongside Sudan, and the President of the Republic personally concerning the plots being woven against Sudan and its leadership. The Sudanese and Saudi parties held a round of talks at the Royal Palace in Riyadh, which was co-headed by the President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, and the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdalla bin Abdul-Aziz.
Khartoum, Dec. 30 (SUNA) - Assistant to the President Dr. Nafie Ali Nafie, said that true independence is the independence of the will and the freedom of thought and the orientation in all walks of life, explaining that Sudan has made wide strides and has gone too far toward genuine independence, liberation of the will and achieving self-reliance. Addressing Wednesday a symposium at the University of Khartoum under the theme of Independence and the Challenges of National Construction, Dr. Nafie called for completing the Independence by realizing national unity through political and economic progress. Dr. Nafie said that Darfur issue, despite the foreign interventions, will be solved by virtue of national efforts and Sudanese - Sudanese dialogue, attributing the complications facing achievement of a peace agreement to external interventions. In his address at the symposium, the Presidential Advisor, Dr. Mustafa Osman Ismail, touched on the internal and external challenges facing the nation, top of them are the challenges of the manpower development and enhancement of the economy, health, infrastructures, services as well as reviewing the foreign policy to be based on interest of Sudan and the Sudanese nation, besides the challenge facing the Sudanese identity, which should not be based on the tribal affiliation. The Minister of Industry and the Secretary the Unionist Party, Dr. Jalal Yousif Al-Degair, enumerated the challenges facing the Sudan, top of them is Ideological challenge being led by Israel to distort the Sudanese identity. He also stressed the importance of overcoming the challenges that confront the parties in the dispute in Darfur. Dr. Al-Degair also stressed the importance of exerting serious efforts to achieve social unity through the coming elections which shall be a civilized means to achieve social peace and to be a gain for the nation, expressing his hope that the referendum will lead to the unity of Sudan.
Khartoum, Dec. 29 (SUNA) - President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, Tuesday afternoon inaugurated Karari Vocational Training Centre, which is regarded as the biggest one of its kind in the Africa. Karari Vocational Training centre includes equipments at the value of 11 million euros. The vocational training centre provides training for 700 regular trainees in eight major sectors which include modern machinery, hotels, food technology, women training and advanced and petroleum welding. Meanwhile, President Al-Bashir also inaugurated 572 houses for the families of the martyrs and a Qoranic school and attended a mass wedding of the families of the martyrs at Karari Locality, in the context of the celebrations marking the Independence and the Martyr Days. He also addressed a big mass rally at Karari Locality.
Khartoum, Dec. 29 (SUNA) - President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, has reiterated his pledge to preserve Sudan stability and to exert every effort for its development and rehabilitation. Addressing a big mass rally Tuesday evening at Karari Locality in Omdurman city on the occasion of the 18th anniversary of the Martyr Day, President Al-Bashir affirmed the government keenness to expand the implementation of development and services' projects and to rehabilitate Sudan Railways Corporation. He gave a directive to the Minister of Finance to solve the problems of the employees of Sudan Railways Corporation. He asserted the commitment of the government to conduct free and fair elections in the country. President Al-Bashir also affirmed his commitment the pledge which he gave to the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the defence of the homeland and its security and stability, adding that the realization of peace was a fruit of the Jihad and struggle of the martyrs. Meanwhile, the Wali (governor) of Khartoum State, Dr. Abdul-Rahman Al-Khidir, affirmed his keenness to continue support to the Martyr Organization so as to carry out its role in helping the martyrs' families. The Wali announced his decision to assign 800 opportunities for the sons of the martyrs to study at the vocational training centres in Khartoum State. Deputy Director of the Martyr organization, Al-Tuhami Ahmed Al-Mustafa, also addressed the celebration reviewing the efforts of his organization in supporting the martyrs' families.
The name (Sudan) was designated to the lands that were located Southern of the African Greater Desert which extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Red sea and the Indian Ocean in the east. Nowadays, the said name is designated to the region which is located in the South of Egypt in the middle part of the Nile Basin. The name (Kosh) was also designated, in the Old Testament and the Assyrian texts to the same part of land, but the present name (Sudan) is the plural of a Greek word that means (black people).
Location and Area
Sudan is located in the northeastern part of Africa between the 22.4 latitude northern equator and 38.22 longitude. The country occupies the middle part between Africa and the Arab World which. Such a location distinguishes Sudan with a unique characteristic considering it the main passage between north and south of Africa. Sudan also was the main passage for the pilgrim and trade convoys that forward from the east of Africa to the Holy Lands until the mid of the current century.
Total area of the Sudan is about one million miles square (about 2.5 million km square) which makes it one of the largest African countries and it comes ninth among the largest countries of the world. Sudan is the largest Arab and African country as its area constitutes 8.3% of the total area of Africa.
The following countries neighbor Sudan:- Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia across the Red Sea.
Arable lands are estimated to be (200) Million Feddans (84) Million Hectares.
Tropical climate, which is characterized by increase of heat degrees on most days of a year, being very dry in the far north then graduates to be semi-wet in the far south, prevails in Sudan.
Annual rain rates range from almost zero in the far north to 500 mm in the central Sudan to more than 1500 mm in the far south of Sudan.
The River Nile, including all its various branches, plays an important role in the Sudan's economic, social and cultural life and in its foreign relationships. Water of the River Nile and all its various branches is utilized in generating electricity from Dams of Al-Roseires, Sinnar, Khashm Al-Girba and Jabal Awliaa as well as in navigation and fishing.
Storage of groundwater is estimated to be about (900) Billion meters utilized in irrigation purposes and civil usages.
Airports, Airstrip and Seaports
There are (17) airports in Sudan of which (6) are international airports, the biggest one thereof is the Khartoum International Airport, which studies are currently made for transferring and reconstructing it, and (11) local airport distributed in the northern Sudan states, Atbara, Al-Fashir and others. There are (63) airstrips currently in the different parts of Sudan.
The Red Sea is the only navigation outlet for Sudan to the external world. Port Sudan, Suakin, Awseif and Bashair are the Sudanese ports. Coast of the Red Sea is characterized by existence of coral phylums which provide lodging to different types of rare marine creatures.
Population of Sudan in the beginning of the year 2005 is estimated to be about (34,512,000) persons at a growth rate of 2,53 annually, population density reaches 14 persons for one km square. Population of rural areas constitutes 24,6% of the total population. Population of Sudan is comprised from tribes that descended from Arab, African and Nubian origins.
Religions: Islam, Christianity and local beliefs.
Languages: Arabic, English, local languages and dialects.
System of Governance
According to the Interim Constitution for the year 2005, System of Governance is federalism.
Levels of governance is represented in the following:
Level of the national governance that exercises power for protecting sovereignty of Sudan, guaranteeing safety of its lands and enhancing welfare of its people.
Level of states' governance that exercises power at the level of states allover Sudan for providing public services through the nearest level to citizens which is the level of local governance which is available all over Sudan. In Sudan there are 25 states 15 of them in the North and the other 10 in the South.
Khartoum is comprised of three towns, Khartoum which is the political capital, Omdurman the national capital and Khartoum North the industrial capital.
Most Important Industries
Textiles – cement – food oil – sugar – soap – hide products – food stuff – mining and transformational industries.
Number of animal resources per million heads until the year 2005.
Camels :3,547 – Goats: 42,179 – Sheep: 49,797 – cows: 40,369
Hashab and acacia trees contribute in constituting a part of the Sudan's forestry wealth where area cultivated with Hashab trees reaches (40120) Feddans producing (15200) Million tons average while Hashab trees area reaches (64210) Feddans producing about (3450) Million tons per year.
Wood production reaches (11250) meter cubic sawn and (141450) meter cubic as fire wood while average of charcoal production per sacks reaches (1772541) a year.
Minerals and Petrol
Production of minerals per ton until beginning of the year 2005:
Gold (4.73), chrome(14666) , gypsum (5132), salt ( ( 48685, silver (2,40).
Crude oil 113,094 barrel for the year 2004.
Sudan has plentiful resources where animal resources, Gum Arabic, cotton, oil seeds and gold are significant sources for treasury of the Country besides mining petrol will definitely contribute in realizing welfare for Sudan's people.
Khartoum, Dec. 25 (SUNA)- The State Minister at the Ministry of Higher Education, Prof. Fathi Mohamed Khalifa, said that the President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, has approved during his recent visit to Mauritania the assignment of 23 scholarship for Mauritanian students to study at Sudanese universities in the fields of medicine, engineering, pharmacy and agriculture in the coming academic year. In a statement to SUNA after the signing of an agreement on cooperation between Sudan and Mauritania in the field of higher education, Prof. Khalifa said that the signing of cooperation agreements and protocols by the two countries represented a remarkable step for consolidating the historic ties between the nations. He announced that the Sudanese party has accepted the call of Mauritania for establishment of a Sudanese university in Mauritania, adding that the means for establishing this university will be studied. Prof. Khalifa said that he reviewed with his Mauritanian counterpart ways to reactivate the agreement which was signed by Sudan and Mauritania at the higher education field in the year 2007, indicating that this agreement dealt with cooperation in the research, education, capacity building and the exchange of scholars, university lecturers and researchers. He said that Sudan has also accepted the call of Mauritania for holding short-term training sessions for Mauritanian learners in the fields of agriculture, engineering and animal production.
Khartoum, Dec. 24 (SUNA)- The spokesman of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Muawiya Osman Khalid, has described the statement of the US State Department, which included its accusation to the National Congress of undermining the peace process in the country, as reflecting the superficial vision of the US in dealing with Sudan issues. He said in a press statement Thursday that like such accusations would further deepen the difference between the two countries. Khalid said that the past period proved that the two partners and the political forces in Sudan are capable to solve their differences satisfactorily, whatever the complication of the issues. He stressed that the internal dialogue far away from foreign interventions is the means to solve all the pending issues. The Foreign Ministry's spokesman called on the international forces, including the United States, to stick to neutrality concerning Sudan issues and help the others solve their issues through dialogue. Khalid referred to the affirmation of the British envy that the Sudanese differences can only be solved within the framework of a Sudanese internal dialogue.